What is chlamydia and how do you treat it?

Dr. Denis Slinkin

According to WHO, more than 376 million cases of sexually transmitted diseases, including chlamydia, occur annually.

In the US, for example, 75% of women and 50% of men who previously did not even know the disease existed due to lack of symptoms are tested for chlamydia. 

Signs of chlamydia

Dr. Denis Slinkin

More than 131 million people fall ill with chlamydia every year, and more than one billion people are infected with the chlamydia virus. More often than not, chlamydia is asymptomatic for a long time, but its symptoms can be as early as 1-3 weeks after unprotected sex, says Dr. Denis Slinkin.

Women are diagnosed:

  • uncharacteristic vaginal discharge, often with a sharp unpleasant smell;
  • a painful menstrual cycle;
  • itching and burning in the genital area;
  • pain in the lower abdomen, during intercourse and even when going to the urination room;
  • general malaise.

Chlamydia shows similar symptoms in the stronger sex:

  • turbid discharge from the tip of the penis;
  • swelling around the testicles; 
  • pain or lacerations in urination;
  • blood secretions during ejaculation;
  • burning, itching in the groin.

Dr. Denis Slinkin argues that chlamydia infection usually occurs through sexual intercourse if partners neglect contraception and one of them is infected with chlamydia.

Most commonly, infection occurs through vaginal, oral or anal sex. However, in unprotected sex, transmission from an infected sexual partner occurs in one of four cases.

The others become carriers of chlamydia. Infection can also occur through domestic contact (e.g. after using hygiene items from an infected person, visiting a sauna or bath).